Saudia-Online the Net Gate to Saudi Arabia Market Night Vision1
 About Saudi Arabia | About us | Contact us | Events | Free Email  | HOME |Privacy Policy | Traveling to Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia Business News
Business Opportunities
Business Guide
Companies Directory
Corporate Websites
Currency Exchange
Saudi Arabia Events
Local News
Saudi Stocks
Economic Reports
Saudi Arabia Travel
Saudi Arabia Weather
Submit Press Release
Read Press Releases
Jeddah Commercial guide
Saudia Flight Schedules 

Free Websites
 for Saudi companies and Establishment


for Foreign companies 
interested in exporting
to Saudi Arabia

Community Sign Up

Message Boards
Should women be in the army?

About Saudi Arabia
About us

Arabic cuisine
Arabic newspapers

Arabic radio and TV

Free downloads

Saudi Arabia ISP's

Science and Technology

Send us feedback

Traveling to Saudi Arabia

Muslims measure the passage of time using the Islamic (Hijrah) calendar.  This calendar has twelve lunar months, the beginnings and endings of which are determined by the sighting of the crescent moon.  Years are counted since the Hijrah, which is when the Prophet Muhammad migrated from Mecca to Madinah (approximately July 622 A.D.).

The Islamic calendar was first introduced by the close companion of the Prophet, 'Umar ibn Al-Khattab.  During his leadership of the Muslim community, in approximately 638 A.D., he consulted with his advisors in order to come to a decision regarding the various dating systems used at that time.  It was agreed that the most appropriate reference point for the Islamic calendar was the Hijrah, since it was an important turning point for the Muslim community.  After the emigration to Madinah (formerly known as Yathrib), the Muslims were able to organize and establish the first real Muslim "community," with social, political, and economic independence.  Life in Madinah allowed the Muslim community to mature and strengthen, and the people developed an entire society based on Islamic principles.

The Islamic calendar is the official calendar in many Muslim countries, especially Saudi Arabia. Other Muslim countries use the Gregorian calendar for civil purposes and only turn to the Islamic calendar for religious purposes.

The Islamic year has twelve months that are based on a lunar cycle.  Allah says in the Qur'an:

"The number of months in the sight of Allah is twelve (in a year) - so ordained by Him the day He created the heavens and the earth...." (9:36).

"It is He Who made the sun to be a shining glory, and the moon to be a light of beauty, and measured out stages for it, that you might know the number of years and the count of time.  Allah did not create this except in truth and righteousness.  And He explains His signs in detail, for those who understand" (10:5).

And in his final sermon before his death, the Prophet Muhammad said, among other things, "With Allah the months are twelve; four of them are holy; three of these are successive and one occurs singly between the months of Jumaada and Sha'ban."

Islamic months begin at sunset, on the day when the lunar crescent is visually sighted.  The lunar year is approximately 354 days long, so the months rotate backward through the seasons and are not fixed to the Gregorian calendar.  The months of the Islamic year are:

1:  Muharram ["Forbidden" - it is one of the four months during which time it is forbidden to wage war or fight]

2:  Safar ["Empty" or "Yellow"]

3:  Rabia Awal ["First spring"]

4:  Rabia Thani ["Second spring"]

5:  Jumaada Awal ["First freezing"]

6:  Jumaada Thani ["Second freezing"]

7:  Rajab ["To respect" - this is another holy month when fighting is prohibited]

8:  Sha'ban ["To spread and distribute"]

9:  Ramadan ["Parched thirst" - this is the month of Islamic daytime fasting]

10: Shawwal ["To be light and vigorous"]

11:  Dhul-Qi'dah ["The month of rest" - another month when no warfare or fighting is allowed]

12:  Dhul-Hijjah ["The month of Hajj" - this is the month of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, again when no warfare or fighting is allowed]

Please Note:

Although calendars are printed for planning purposes, they are based on estimates of the visibility of the lunar crescent, and the Islamic month may actually start 1-2 days earlier or later than predicted.

Important Dates:

15 March 2002 Hijrah New Year
06 November 2002 Ramadan begins
05 December 2002 Eid al-Fitr
11 February 2003 Eid al-Adha

1423 H. Calendar:

Islamic Month Starts Gregorian Dates
Muharram 15 March
Safar 14 April
Rabia Awal 13 May
Rabia Thani 12 June
Jumaada Awal 11 July
Jumaada Thani 09 August
Rajab 08 Sept
Sha'ban 07 Oct
Ramadan 06 Nov
Shawwal 05 Dec 2001
Dhul-Qi'dah 04 Jan 2003
Dhul-Hijjah 02 Feb 2003

Next page > 2002-2003 (1423 H.) Calendar


Make Saudia-Online My Start Page  -  Bookmark Saudia-Online
Contact Us -  Advertising Info -  About Us -  Terms Of Service -  Add My Site -  Privacy Policy 

1999-2002 by Horizon for Commercial Development Co., Ltd, All rights reserved.
  Saudia-Online,Malls2Save,JeddahMalls,RiyadhMalls,RiyadhShops,SaudiMade,Travel2Saudi and HDC are  trademarks of Horizon for Commercial Development Co. Ltd.  P.O. Box 14657, Jeddah 21434, Saudi Arabia
 Telephone 00966-2-6693585, Fax 00966-2-6693472